Us Saudi Security Agreement
The United States and Saudi Arabia have a long-running security relationship. Saudi Arabia is the largest foreign customer of U.S. military revenue (FMS), with more than $100 billion in active FMS cases. Through the SGF, the United States has supported three major security agencies in Saudi Arabia – the Ministry of Defense, the National Guard and the Ministry of the Interior. Since the 1950s, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has also played an important role in military and civilian construction in Saudi Arabia. When King Abdullah was regent in 2005, his first foreign trip was to China. In 2012, a Saudi-Chinese cooperation agreement on the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes was signed. In 2007, Abdullah also received Russian President Vladimir Putin in Riyadh and awarded him the kingdom`s highest honor, the King Abdul Aziz Medal.
Russia and Saudi Arabia have entered into a joint venture between Saudi ARAMCO and LUKOIL for the development of new Saudi gas fields.  Although this resolution has not been adopted, several other proposals seek broader restrictions on U.S. military aid to Saudi Arabia. For example, the Saudi Accountability and Yemen Act of 2019 (p. 398) calls for the suspension of all arms sales to Saudi Arabia as part of a series of proposed sanctions and liability measures. Similarly, H.R. 643 prohibits all security assistance and arms sales to Saudi Arabia. It is not clear whether any of these bills go beyond their current form or whether any of their provisions will find its way into appropriations legislation, such as the National Defense Authorization Act. Major arms agreements with Saudi Arabia resumed in 2008 – in fact, Saudi Arabia was the largest recipient of U.S.
defense exports between 2010 and 2018. This resumption of aid is the result of several factors, including increased cooperation in the fight against terrorism, a growing strategic direction in the fight against Iran`s regional influence and an increase in the demand for Saudi weapons. Congress responded to these agreements by introducing resolutions AECA 36 (b) that were disapproved in 2008 and 2010, but neither resolution was voted on in plenary and does not appear to have resulted in substantial changes to the proposals. Congress continued to implement means laws to limit military aid, including in 2009 (which allows for exemption on the basis of national security interests) and in 2011 (which provides for a blanket ban on foreign military aid for countries that do not meet minimum standards of tax transparency, with exceptions allowed if aid is in the “national interest”). In 2010 and 2013, the Obama administration adopted exceptions that end these restrictions. The U.S.-Saudi Arabia alliance is built on decades of security cooperation and strong business ties dominated by U.S. interests in Saudi oil. This relationship has faced serious challenges, including the 1973 oil embargo and the September 11 attacks, which reported 15 of the 19 abductors of passenger jets. Successive U.S. governments have found that Saudi Arabia is a critical strategic partner in the region. Saudi Arabia and the United States are strategic allies  and since President Obama took office in 2009, the United States has sold $110 billion in weapons to Saudi Arabia.   The National Security Agency (NSA) began working with the Saudi Ministry of the Interior in 2013 to ensure the “continuation of the regime”.
A top secret memo from April 2013 shows the Agency`s program to provide Saudis with “direct analytical and technical assistance” on “internal security issues.” The CIA had already collected intelligence for the regime.  But the obvious reception of politically threatening reform movements in the United States went hand in hand with what appeared to be a frustrating lack of action for the Saudis on other fronts close to their borders.